782. * The reason why the new church is meant by the New Jerusalem coming down from God out of heaven (Rev. chapter 21), is that Jerusalem was the capital city in the land of Canaan. It was there that the temple was and the altar where sacrifices were made, and so the Divine worship to which three times a year every male in the whole land was commanded to come. It was also because Jerusalem is where the Lord was, and taught in its temple; and He afterwards there glorified His Human. These are the reasons why Jerusalem means the church, It is perfectly plain that Jerusalem means the church from the prophecies in the Old Testament about the new church to be founded by the Lord, since it is there called Jerusalem.
 It is only necessary to quote the passages themselves, for anyone possessed of inward reason to be able to see, that Jerusalem there means the church. Let the following passages suffice:
Behold, I create a new heaven and a new earth; the former ones will not be remembered. Look, I shall make Jerusalem an exultation, and its people happiness, so that I may exult over Jerusalem and rejoice over my people. Then the wolf and the lamb will feed together. They will do no harm in all the mountain of my holiness. Isa. 65:17-19, 25.
For Zion's sake I will not be silent, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, until her righteousness goes forth like a beam of light, and her salvation burns like a lamp. Then the nations will see your righteousness, and all kings your glory. And you will be called by a new name, which the mouth of Jehovah will utter, and you will be a crown of beauty [in the hand of Jehovah]** and a diadem of kingship in the hand of your God. Jehovah will be pleased in you, and your land will be married. Behold, your salvation will come, behold, His reward is with Him. And they will call them the people of holiness, the redeemed of Jehovah. And you will be called a city sought after, not abandoned. Isa. 62:1-4, 11, 12.
 Awake, awake, Zion, put on your strength. Put on the clothes of your beauty, Jerusalem, city of holiness; for no more will the uncircumcised and the unclean come into you. Shake off the dust, arise and take your seat, Jerusalem. The people will know my name on that day, for I am he that speaks, here I am. Jehovah has comforted his people, he has redeemed Jerusalem. Isa. 52:1, 2, 6, 9.
Shout for joy, daughter of Zion, rejoice with all your heart, daughter of Jerusalem. The king of Israel is in your midst. Fear evil no longer. He will rejoice over you with joy; he will be satisfied in his*** love, he will exult over you with a shout of joy. I will make you a name and the object of praise to all the peoples of the earth. Zeph. 3:14-17, 20.
Thus spoke Jehovah your Redeemer, telling Jerusalem, You will be dwelt in. Isa. 44:24, 26.
Thus spoke Jehovah, I will return to Zion and dwell in the midst of Jerusalem. Therefore Jerusalem will be called the city of truth, and the mountain of Jehovah Zebaoth the mountain of holiness. Zech. 8:3, 20-23.
Then you will know that I am Jehovah your God, who dwell in Zion, the mountain of holiness; and Jerusalem will be holiness. And it will happen on that day that the mountains will drip new wine, and the hills will flow with milk. And Jerusalem will stay fixed from one generation to another. Joel 3:17-21.
 On that day the shoot of Jehovah will be an adornment and a glory; and it will come about that the one who is left in Zion, the one who remains in Jerusalem, will be called holy, everyone enrolled with a view to life in Jerusalem. Isa. 4:2, 3.
At the end of days the mountain of Jehovah's house will be established on the head of mountains; for from Zion will come forth teaching, and the Word of Jehovah from Jerusalem. Micah 4:1, 2, 8.
At that time they will call Jerusalem Jehovah's throne, and all nations will be gathered to Jerusalem for Jehovah's name's sake, and they will no longer follow the prompting of their evil hearts. Jer. 3:17.
Look to Zion, the city of our appointed feast, let you eyes behold Jerusalem, a tranquil dwelling, a tent which will not be blown away. Its pegs will never be removed, and its ropes will not be pulled up. Isa. 33:20.
There are further passages such as Isa. 24:23; 37:32; 66:10-14; Zech. 12:3, 6-10; 14:8,11, 12, 21; Mal. 3:4; Ps. 122:1-7; 137:4-6.
 It is obvious from the details of the description of Jerusalem in the passages quoted that it means there the church to be founded by the Lord, and not the Jerusalem where the Jews lived. For instance, it is said Jehovah will create a new heaven and a new earth, and also at that time Jerusalem; that it will be a crown of beauty and a diadem of kingship; that it is to be called holiness and a city of truth, Jehovah's throne, a tranquil dwelling, a tent which will not be blown away. It is said that the wolf and the lamb will feed together there; that there the mountains will drip new wine, and the hills flow with milk, and it will stay fixed for one generation after another; and much more besides. It is also said of its people that they are holy, everyone enrolled with a view to life, and they are to be called Jehovah's redeemed. Moreover, all those passages deal with the Lord's coming, especially His second coming, when there will be a Jerusalem such as is there described; for it has not previously been married, that is, made the bride and wife of the Lamb, as the New Jerusalem is described in Revelation.
 The earlier, that is, the present-day church, is meant by Jerusalem in Daniel, and its beginnings are there described as follows:
Know and perceive, from the time the word went forth to restore and build Jerusalem, until the coming of the Messiah, the prince, will be seven weeks. Afterwards for sixty-two weeks the street and the moat will be restored and built, but at a time of distress. Dan. 9:25.
Its end is there described as follows:
At last upon the bird of abominations desolation, and it will drip upon devastation up to the point of ending and cutting off. Dan. 9:27.
It is this last passage which is meant by the Lord's words in Matthew:
When you see the abomination of desolation, foretold by the prophet Daniel, standing in the holy place - let him who reads take due note. Matt. 24:15.
It can be established that Jerusalem in the passages quoted above does not mean the Jerusalem inhabited by the Jews, from the passages in the Word which say that it has been utterly lost and is to be destroyed; for instance, Jer. 5:1; 6:6, 7; 7:17ff; 8:6ff; 9:11, 12, 14ff; 13:9,10, 14; :14:16; Lam. 1:8, 9,17; Ezek. 4:1-end; 5:9-end; 12:18, 19; 15:6-8; 16:1-63; 23:1-49; Matt. 23:37, 38; Luke 19:41-44; 21:20-22; 23:28-30; and in many other passages. There are also passages where it is called Sodom: Isa. 3:9; Jer. 23:14; Ezek. 16:46, 48; and elsewhere.
* This section and 783 are repeated from BE 100,101. ** These words are missing from the printed text, but are added in the Author's copy. *** The Latin has 'in your love', but this is corrected in the Author's copy.