85. It would be tedious to show from the Word that such double expressions occur there, apparently repetitions of the same thing, for this would fill pages. But in order to remove all doubt, I will quote some passages where judgment and justice (or righteousness) are used together, then also nation and people, and also joy and gladness. The following are passages where judgment and justice are named together:
The city ... was full of judgment, and righteousness lodged in her. Isa. i 21.
Zion shall be redeemed in righteousness, and they that return of her in judgment. Isa. i 27.
Jehovah of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and the holy God shall be sanctified in righteousness. Isa. v 16.
He shall sit upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom ... to establish it in judgment and in righteousness. Isa. ix 7.
Jehovah shall be exalted; for He dwelleth on high: He hath filled the earth (AN. Zion) with judgment and righteousness. Isa. xxxiii 5.
Thus saith Jehovah, Keep ye judgment, and do justice: for my salvation is near, that my righteousness may be revealed. Isa. lvi 1.
As a nation that did righteousness and forsook not the judgment of their God: they ask ... the judgments of justice. Isa. lviii 2.
Swear by the living Jehovah ... in judgment and in righteousness. Jer. iv 2.
Let him that glorieth glory in this ...that Jehovah doeth judgment and righteousness in the earth. Jer. ix 24
Execute ye judgment and righteousness ... Woe unto him that buildeth his house without righteousness, and his chambers without judgment. Did not thy father ... do judgment and justice, and then it was well with him? Jer. xxii 3, 13, 15.
I will raise unto David a righteous branch, and He shall reign as King... and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. Jer. xxiii 5; xxxiii 15.
If a man be just, and do judgment and justice. Ezek. xviii 5.
If the wicked man turn from his sin, and do judgment and justice ... It shall not be mentioned unto him: he hath done judgment and justice; he shall surely live. Ezek. xxxiii 14, 16, 19.
I will betroth thee unto me for ever ... in righteousness and in judgment, and in loving-kindness, and in mercies. Hosea ii 19.
Let judgment run down as water, and righteousness as a mighty stream. Amos v 24.
Ye have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock. Amos A 12.
Jehovah will plead my cause, and execute judgment for me: He will bring me forth to the light, and I shall behold His righteousness. Micah vii 9.
O Jehovah, thy righteousness is like the mountains of God; thy judgments are a great deep. Ps. xxxvi 6.
Jehovah shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light; and thy judgment as the noon-day. Ps. xxxvii 6.
Jehovah shall judge His (AN. thy) people in righteousness and His (A.V. thy) poor in judgment. Ps. lxxii 2.
Justice and judgment are the support (A.V. habitation) of thy throne. Ps. lxxxix 14.
When I shall have learned the judgments of thy righteousness... Seven times a day do I praise thee because of the judgments of thy righteousness. Ps. cxix 7, 164.
Gad executes the justice of Jehovah, and His judgment with Israel. Deut. xxxiii 21.
The spirit of truth will reprove the world . . . of righteousness and of judgment. John xvi 8, 10, 11; and elsewhere.
Judgment and justice are so often mentioned because judgment is predicated of truths, and justice of good. Therefore by executing judgment and justice is also meant to act from truth and from good. The reason why judgment is predicated of truth and justice of good is, that the Lord's government in the spiritual kingdom is called judgment, and the Lord's government in the celestial kingdom is called justice. On this subject see the work HEAVEN AND HELL, Nos. 214, 215. As judgment is predicated of truth, therefore in certain passages we read,
Truth (veritas) and righteousness (justitia). Isa. xi 5; Ps. lxxxv 11; and elsewhere.