86. That repetitions apparently of the same thing occur in the Word on account of the marriage of good and truth may be seen quite clearly from the following passages where nations and peoples are mentioned:
Woe to the sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity! Isa. i 4.
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light ... Thou hast multiplied the nation. Isa. ix 2, 3.
O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger . . . I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge. Isa. x 5, 6.
And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the nations (A.V. Gentiles) seek. Isa. xi 10.
Jehovah smote the people ... with a continual stroke, He that ruled the nations in anger. Isa. xiv 6.
In that time shall the present be brought unto Jehovah Zebaoth of a people scattered and peeled ... a nation meted out and trodden underfoot. Isa. xviii 7.
Therefore shall the strong people glorify thee, the city of the terrible nations shall fear thee. Isa. xxv 3.
Jehovah will destroy ... the face of the covering over all people, and the veil that is spread over all nations. Isa. xxv 7. Come near ... ye nations: and hearken, ye people. Isa. xxxiv 1.
I ... have called thee ... for a covenant to the people, for a light of the nations (A.V. Gentiles). Isa. xlii 6.
Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the people be assembled. Isa. xliii 9.
Behold, I will lift up mine hand to the nations (AN. Gentiles), and set up my standard to the people. Isa. xlix 22.
Behold, I have given Him for a witness to the people, a Leader and Lawgiver to the nations. Isa. lv 4.
Behold, a people cometh from the north country, and a great nation ... from the sides of the earth. Jer. vi 22.
Neither will I cause thee to hear (AN. men to hear in thee) the shame of the nations (A.V. the heathen) any more, neither shalt thou bear the reproach of the people any more. Ezek. xxxvi 15.
All people and nations ... should serve Him. Dan. vii 14.
Let not the nations (A.V. heathen) use a byword against them, and say among the people, Where is their God? Joel ii 17.
The residue of my people shall spoil them, and the remnant of my nation (A.V. people) shall possess them. Zeph. ii 9.
Many people and numerous (A.V. strong) nations shall come to seek Jehovah Zebaoth in Jerusalem. Zech. viii 22.
Mine eyes have seen thy salvation, Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people; A light to lighten the nations (A.V. Gentiles). Luke ii 30, 32.
Thou hast redeemed us... by the blood out of every people and nation. Rev. v 9.
Thou must prophesy again before...peoples and nations. Rev. x 11.
Thou hast made me the head of the nations (A.V. the heathen): a people whom I have not known shall serve me. Ps. xviii 43.
Jehovah bringeth the counsel of the nations (A.V. heathen) to nought; He maketh the devices of the people of none effect. Ps. xxxiii 10.
Thou makest us a byword among the nations (A.V.. the heathen), a shaking of the head among the people. Ps xliv 14.
Jehovah shall subdue the people under us, and the nations under our feet.... God reigneth over the nations (A.V. the heathen): the willing ones (A.V. princes) of the people are called together. Ps. xlvii 3, 8, 9.
Let the people praise thee ... and let the nations be glad and sing for joy: for thou shalt judge the people righteously, and lead the nations upon earth. Ps. lxvii 3, 4, 5.
Remember me, Jehovah, with the favour that thou barest unto my people ... that I may rejoice in the gladness of thy nations. Ps. cvi 4, 5;
and in other places.
Nations and peoples are mentioned together, because by nations are meant those who are in good, and in the opposite sense, those who are in evil; and by peoples those who are in truths, and in the opposite sense, those who are in falsities. For this reason those who belong to the Lord's spiritual kingdom are called peoples, and those who belong to His celestial kingdom are called nations; for all in the spiritual kingdom are in truths and consequently in wisdom, while all in the celestial kingdom are in good, and consequently in love.